Godbout – Racicot / LeBeuf – LaHaye

Robert Fraser

Male - 1762


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  • Name Robert Fraser  [1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14
    Born Great Britain Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Gender Male 
    Military Regimental motto: "Montis Insignia Calpe" (from the badge of Gibraltar) and the uniform was scarlet with black facings 
    Military Regimental nickname: "The Black Cuffs" (2nd Battalion) in remembrance of its original facings 
    Military Regimental nickname: "The Heroes of Talavera" (1st Battalion) in celebration of that battle 
    Military Regimental nickname: "The Steelbacks" (2nd Battalion) for their legendary ability to take floggings 
    Military 1 Jul 1751 
    Regiment officially styled the 48th of Foot 
    Military 29 Apr 1752 
    Lieutenant-General Thomas Dunbar was appointed Colonel of the 48th Regiment of Foot 
    Military 14 Oct 1754 
    48th Regiment of Foot: Lieutenant-Colonel Ralph Burton 
    Military 21 Dec 1754 
    The 48th Regiment was dispatched from Cork (Ireland) to America (fleet commanded by Admiral Augustus Keppel) 
    Military 8 Jan 1755 
    The 48th commanded by Colonel Thomas Dunbar and 44th (Colonel Sir Peter Halkett) began embarking on troop ships at Cove (near Cork) 
    Military 13 Jan 1755 
    The ships raised anchor and undertook their transatlantic voyage 
    Military 2 Mar 1755 
    The first transports cast anchor at Hampton Roads in Virginia (the last ship arrived on the 18th) 
    Military 14 Apr 1755 
    The 48th Regiment arrived in Alexandria (Virginia) where they set-up camp 
    Military 10 Jun 1755 
    48th Regiment was assigned to Major-General Edward Braddock's expedition against Fort Duquesne on the Ohio (Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania) 
    Military 10 Jun 1755 
    The 48th Regiment left Fort Cumberland (Will's Creek/Potomac River) in Maryland (2 400 British regulars) 
    Military 4 Jul 1755 
    Braddock divided the army in two corps to accelerate his advance and moved ahead with Lieutenant-Colonel Thomas Gage 
    Military 4 Jul 1755 
    Colonel Thomas Dunbar followed behind with the stores and 1 000 men 
    Military 8 Jul 1755 
    Braddock's army was encamped 10 miles from the French fort and 40 miles in advance of its reserve corps 
    Military 8 Jul 1755 
    Sir Peter Halkett of the 44th requested in the strongest terms that further advance only proceed with great caution (advice ignored by Braddock) 
    Military 9 Jul 1755 
    Braddock was attacked by 254 French and Canadian soldiers with 650 Seven Nations warriors 
    Military 9 Jul 1755 
    Braddock was attacked by Captains Daniel-Hyacinthe de Beaujeu (killed) and Jean-Daniel Dumas 
    Military 9 Jul 1755 
    Braddock was attacked by Lieutenant Jean-Baptiste-Philippe Testard de Montigny with 100 Indians under his command 
    Military 9 Jul 1755 
    The French retired from the field in victory with only 43 killed and wounded 
    Military 9 Jul 1755 
    The Monongahela: 914 British soldiers in the forward column of 1 373 were killed or seriously wounded (Lieut.-Col. Ralph Burton survived his injuries) 
    Military 9 Jul 1755 
    The Monongahela: Sir Peter Halkett was killed on the spot and General Braddock was mortally wounded (died on 13 July) 
    Military 9 Jul 1755 
    Twenty-six British officers were killed and 37 seriously wounded (out of 86) including Lieutenant-Colonel Thomas Gage (shot) 
    Military 11 Nov 1755 
    Lieutenant-General Daniel Webb was appointed Colonel of the 48th Regiment of Foot 
    Military 1756 
    The 48th Regiment then served at Philadelphia and in the Hudson Valley region 
    Military 1757 
    The 48th Regiment was at Fort Edward (New York) and had arrived in Halifax (Nova Scotia) by June 
    Occupation 17 May 1757 
    Robert Fraser: Ensign with the 48th Regiment of Foot 
    Military 10 Jan 1758 
    Lieutenant-Colonel Ralph Burton of the 48th Regiment was allowed the rank of Colonel in America 
    Military 28 May 1758 
    Admiral Edward Boscawen sailed from Halifax aboard his 90-gun "Namur" with a fleet of 157 ships to attack Louisbourg (Cape Breton) 
    Military 28 May 1758 
    British fleet: 23 ships of the Line, 12 frigates, 5 sloops, 2 fire-ships and transports (1 964 guns - 14 694 crews/marines) 
    Military 28 May 1758 
    British troops: 1st Regt. (2nd bn), 15th, 17th, 22nd, 28th, 35th, 40th, 45th, 47th, 48th, 58th, 60th (2nd & 3rd bn), 63rd and Rangers (12 922 men) 
    Military 28 May 1758 
    Regimental roster of the 48th Regiment: 37 officers, 40 NCOs, 932 rank & file 
    Military 28 May 1758 
    Senior officers of the 48th Regiment: Brig.-Gen. Daniel Webb, Col. Ralph Burton and Maj. Robert Ross 
    Military 2 Jun 1758 
    The British fleet anchored in Gabarus Bay (three miles west of the Louisbourg Fortress) 
    Military 8 Jun 1758 
    The 48th Regiment (Right Brigade, Brigadier Edward Whitmore), attacked Louisbourg with the 22nd, 40th and 3rd Battalion, 60th Royal Americans 
    Occupation 2 Jul 1758 
    Robert Fraser: Ensign (army commission) with the 48th Regiment of Foot (granted by John Campbell, Earl of Loudoun) 
    Military 26 Jul 1758 
    The 48th Regiment of Foot took part in capturing Louisbourg under General Sir Jeffery Amherst 
    Military 26 Jul 1758 
    The British casualties: 172 killed and 355 wounded 
    Military 26 Jul 1758 
    The French casualties: 102 killed, 1 650 sick/wounded (including naval crews/marines) and 5 637 captured 
    Military 14 Sep 1758 
    The 48th Regiment arrived in Boston (where it was stationed and then wintered in Connecticut) 
    Occupation 20 Feb 1759 
    Robert Fraser: Lieutenant (army commission) with the 48th Regiment of Foot (granted by Major-General Jeffery Amherst) 
    Occupation 21 Feb 1759 
    Lieutenant with the 48th Regiment of Foot 
    Military 5 May 1759 
    British Rear-Admiral Philip Durell left Halifax for Québec aboard his 80-gun "Princess Amelia" with an advance squadron of 26 British warships 
    Military 10 May 1759 
    French Colonel Louis-Antoine de Bougainville arrived at Québec aboard the 22-gun "Chézine" followed by 4 frigates, 3 flûtes and 13 transports 
    Military 4 Jun 1759 
    The main British fleet of Vice-Admiral Sir Charles Saunders aboard his 90-gun flagship "Neptune" sailed from Louisbourg to Québec 
    Military 23 Jun 1759 
    Saunders linked-up with Durell 50 miles below Québec at Île-aux-Coudres (47 warships, 119 transports and 13 500 crews/marines) 
    Military 23 Jun 1759 
    The British battle group (22 ships of the line, 13 frigates, 4 sloops of war and 10 armed vessels) then proceeded up-river to Québec 
    Military 25 Jun 1759 
    Colonel Daniel Webb (48th Regiment of Foot) was promoted to Major-General 
    Military 26 Jun 1759 
    General James Wolfe disembarked his 8 635 ground troops without resistance at Île-d'Orléans 
    Military 26 Jun 1759 
    The 48th Regiment formed part of the expedition sent to Québec under General James Wolfe 
    Military 26 Jun 1759 
    The 48th Regiment was part of Brigadier James Murray's brigade with the 35th and 3rd Battalion, 60th Royal Americans 
    Military 29 Jun 1759 
    Brigadier Robert Monckton's brigade (15th, 43rd and 58th regiments) drove the French from Pointe-de-Lévy where gun emplacements were then erected 
    Military 30 Jun 1759 
    The 48th Regiment was put ashore at Beaumont (south shore of the St. Lawrence) with the 15th, 43rd and 78th Foot 
    Military 12 Jul 1759 
    The British began their unrelenting artillery barrage against Québec 
    Military 31 Jul 1759 
    48th Regiment served at the Battle of Montmorency with the 15th, 43rd, 47th, 60th and 78th regiments (repulsed) 
    Military 31 Jul 1759 
    The French fusillade was costly in terms of British casualties: 182 killed (including 4 officers), 650 wounded (29 officers) and 17 missing 
    Military 4 Sep 1759 
    Ensign Benjamin Hutchins and three Rangers arrived at the Pointe-de-Lévy camp with dispatches from Gen. Jeffery Amherst in Crown Point (dated 7 Aug.) 
    Military 5 Sep 1759 
    Colonel Ralph Burton (48th Regiment) and detachments from other corps remained at Pointe-de-Lévy to guard the Pointe-aux-Pères batteries 
    Military 13 Sep 1759 
    48th Regiment (Webb's), Colonel Ralph Burton (strength: 800), 1st Brigade (Brig.-Gen. Robert Monckton) 
    Military 13 Sep 1759 
    Regiment crossed from Pointe-de-Lévy after the second wave with Second Battalion, 60th Royal American Regiment (on the field by eight o'clock) 
    Military 13 Sep 1759 
    Regiment was in the center behind the line at the Plains of Abraham and reinforced the left flank against Bougainville (65 killed or wounded) 
    Military 13 Sep 1759 
    Regimental strength at the Battle of the Plains of Abraham: 31 officers and staff with 652 rank & file (total: 683) 
    Military 13 Sep 1759 
    Twenty-Eighth Regiment of Foot formed the center line (126 killed or wounded) with 43rd (48), 47th (69) and 78th Fraser Highlanders (187) 
    Military 13 Sep 1759 
    Wolfe ordered (as he lay dying) Col. Burton of the 48th Regiment to advance between Québec and the St. Charles River bridge 
    Military 17 Sep 1759 
    The 48th Regiment took part in the capture of Québec by Brigadier-General George Townshend 
    Military 18 Sep 1759 
    Colonel Ralph Burton was named Lieutenant-Governor at Québec (second in command under General James Murray) 
    Military 21 Sep 1759 
    A British council of war (admirals and generals) determined that General James Murray should remain with the command at Québec 
    Military 18 Oct 1759 
    Departure of Vice-Admiral Charles Saunders from Québec with most of the British fleet 
    Military 18 Oct 1759 
    The 14-gun sloop "Porcupine" (Capt. John Jervis) and 14-gun "Racehorse" (Capt. Francis Richards) stayed behind with 3 armed schooners 
    Military 18 Oct 1759 
    The Hon. James Murray was appointed Colonel-Commandant of the 60th Royal American Regiment and commanded 7 313 men in Québec 
    Military 26 Oct 1759 
    British garrison at Québec: 7 883 (291 officers, 543 NCOs, 6 430 rank & file, 50 non-combatants and 569 women) 
    Military 26 Oct 1759 
    The 20-gun "Fowey", "Orford" (70) and "Medway" (60), last ships to leave Québec, set sail with Brigadier Robert Monckton and Colonel Guy Carleton 
    Military 28 Feb 1760 
    Total number fit for duty at Québec (rank & file): 4 817 
    Military 9 Mar 1760 
    Commodore Robert Swanton left Europe with Vanguard, Kingston, Falkland, Rochester, Sutherland, Penzance, Diana, Vengeance and Lowestoffe 
    Military 24 Apr 1760 
    Total officers and men at Québec: 5 653 (3 341 fit for duty and 2 312 sick) 
    Military 28 Apr 1760 
    Battle of Sainte-Foy at Québec under General James Murray who was soundly defeated (1 124 killed or wounded out of 3 140) 
    Military 28 Apr 1760 
    Captain Donald McDonald with a company of Volunteers and Captain Moses Hazen's Rangers covered the left flank 
    Military 28 Apr 1760 
    Left wing: Kennedy's (43rd), Lascelles' (47th), Highlanders (63rd, 78th) and Bragg's (28th) commanded by Col. Simon Fraser 
    Military 28 Apr 1760 
    Major John Dalling covered the right flank with a corps of light infantry 
    Military 28 Apr 1760 
    Murray's right wing: Amherst's (15th), Anstruther's (58th), 2nd Battalion Royal Americans (60th) and Webb's (48th) led by Col. Ralph Burton 
    Military 28 Apr 1760 
    Reserve composed of Otway's (35th) and 3rd Battalion of Royal Americans (60th) under the command of Col. John Young 
    Military 28 Apr 1760 
    The British battalions had marched out with 20 pieces of field artillery (2 for each regiment) 
    Military 28 Apr 1760 
    The British casualties: 1 124 killed or wounded 
    Military 28 Apr 1760 
    The French casualties: 833 killed or wounded (including a brigade commander, 6 battalion commanders and 96 officers) 
    Military 29 Apr 1760 
    48th Regiment of Foot composed part of the garrison during the French siege at Québec 
    Military 29 Apr 1760 
    Returns showed that there now remained only 2 100 British soldiers fit for duty 
    Military 9 May 1760 
    Captain Joseph Deane's 28-gun frigate "Lowestoffe" arrived below the ramparts of Québec 
    Military 15 May 1760 
    Commodore Robert Swanton arrived aboard his 70-gun "Vanguard" with the frigate "Diana" (32) of Captain Alexander Schomberg 
    Military 16 May 1760 
    The French siege is lifted 
    Military 15 Jun 1760 
    British garrison at Québec: 1 700 men fit for duty, 2 463 sick and wounded (commanded by Lieutenant-Colonel Simon Fraser) 
    Military 15 Jun 1760 
    These troops were deemed sufficient to defend Québec from a French assault during Brig.-Gen. James Murray's upcoming Montréal operation up-river 
    Military 1 Jul 1760 
    Lord Andrew Rollo sailed from Louisbourg with his 22nd Regiment and 4 companies of the 40th to reinforce Brig.-Gen. James Murray's army 
    Military 13 Jul 1760 
    The 48th Regiment formed part of Brigadier-General James Murray's amphibious column sent from Québec to attack Montréal 
    Military 13 Jul 1760 
    The operational commanders: Colonel William Howe (Left Brigade) and Colonel Ralph Burton (Right Brigade) 
    Military 13 Jul 1760 
    The regiments (Left Brigade): 28th, 43rd, 58th, 2nd Co. Royal Artillery and 2nd Bn. Grenadiers (28th, 43rd, 48th, 78th) 
    Military 13 Jul 1760 
    The regiments (Right Brigade): 15th, 35th, 47th, 48th, 78th, 3rd Co. Royal Artillery and 1st Bn. Grenadiers (15th, 35th, 47th, 58th, 3rd Bn. 60th) 
    Military 13 Jul 1760 
    The Royal Navy ships: 44-gun frigate "Penzance", 26-gun "True Briton", "Porcupine", "Racehorse", 9 artillery gunboats and 40 transports 
    Military 14 Jul 1760 
    The taskforce of Brig.-Gen. James Murray weighed anchor at 6: P.M. and began sailing-up the St. Lawrence to attack Montréal (2 451 troops) 
    Military 16 Jul 1760 
    Brig. Murray's squadron exchanged artillery fire with French batteries at Deschambault (light casualties), then anchored near Grondines for the night 
    Military 17 Jul 1760 
    Lord Andrew Rollo's reinforcements arrived at Québec (Brig.-Gen. James Murray was informed of his arrival on 28 July by a sloop conveying dispatches) 
    Military 28 Jul 1760 
    Located off Point Champlain, Brig.-Gen. James Murray ordered the two reinforcement battalions (22nd and 40th) to subdue north shore townships 
    Military 28 Jul 1760 
    The parish of Batiscan would later be barraged for half-an-hour before inhabitants were disarmed and administered oaths of fidelity 
    Military 27 Aug 1760 
    Brig.-Gen. James Murray arrived on the outskirts of Montréal with Lord Andrew Rollo's reinforcements and landed at Île Sainte-Thérèse 
    Military 3 Sep 1760 
    Brig.-Gen. James Murray made contact with units of Brig.-Gen. William Havilland who had marched-up Lake Champlain from Crown Point (New York) 
    Military 6 Sep 1760 
    General Jeffery Amherst's army reached Lachine from Oswego (New York) with Sir William Johnson (Montréal was now besieged by 18 000 British troops) 
    Military 7 Sep 1760 
    Colonel Louis-Antoine de Bougainville arrived at one of Brigadier-General James Murray's outposts (early morning) with a letter to parley 
    Military 7 Sep 1760 
    Formal proposals for a capitulation followed at 12 o'clock, and the articles were agreed to/exchanged on 8 September 1760 
    Military 8 Sep 1760 
    Canada (New France) surrendered (48th regiment then assigned to Montréal and two companies wintered in Trois-Rivières) 
    Military 8 Sep 1760 
    Colonel Ralph Burton (48th Regiment) was named military governor for the district of Trois-Rivières 
    Military 8 Sep 1760 
    Loi martiale en Nouvelle-France, époque connue sous le nom de "règne militaire" (jusqu'au 10 août 1764) 
    Military 1761 
    One company each of the 48th Regiment wintered at St-François, Batiscan, Mashrouge, Sainte-Anne, Machèche, Magdalape, Nicolet and Yamaska 
    Military 1761 
    The 48th Regiment was in New York by June (some units stayed behind at Trois-Rivières) 
    Military 19 Nov 1761 
    48th Regiment was assigned to Major-General Robert Monckton and transported from New York/New Jersey to the West Indies 
    Military 19 Nov 1761 
    Captain George Darby aboard his 66-gun "Devonshire" left Sandy Hook (N.J.) with a 70-sail troop convoy escorted by "Alcide", "Norwich" and "Penzance" 
    Military 19 Nov 1761 
    Havana Expedition, 2nd Brigade, Brigadier-General Hunt Walsh: 9th Regiment (977 men), 27th (536), 28th (378), 48th (536) 
    Military 22 Nov 1761 
    Rear-Admiral Sir George Brydges Rodney arrived in Barbados with 8 ships of the line and 4 battalions of foot (61st, 69th, 76th and 90th regiments) 
    Occupation 9 Dec 1761 
    Robert Fraser: Lieutenant with the 48th Regiment of Foot 
    Occupation 9 Dec 1761 
    Témoin au baptême de sa fille Marie-Rosalie à Batiscan 
    Military 14 Dec 1761 
    The 74-gun "Téméraire" (Capt. Matthew Barton) arrived in Barbados with 4 regiments from Belle Isle, Newfoundland (69th, II/76th, 90th and 98th) 
    Military 24 Dec 1761 
    Major-General Robert Monckton arrived in Barbados with 6 300 troops from New York (including elements of the 48th Regiment) 
    Military 5 Jan 1762 
    The expeditionary force (13 965 troops) set sail from Carlisle Bay in Barbados to attack Martinique 
    Military 3 Feb 1762 
    The 48th Regiment took part in the capture of Fort Royal's citadel (Martinique) 
    Military 14 Feb 1762 
    The 48th Regiment took part in capturing Martinique under Major-General Robert Monckton and Lord Andrew Rollo 
    Military 20 Apr 1762 
    Vice-Admiral Sir George Pocock arrived in Barbados aboard his 90-gun "Namur" with 5 ships of the line, 64 transports and 4 365 troops 
    Military 25 Apr 1762 
    Vice-Admiral Sir George Pocock arrived in Martinique and joined Major-General Robert Monckton's ongoing expedition 
    Military 4 May 1762 
    Colonel Ralph Burton was elevated to Brigadier-General during his participation in the Havana expedition (for 174 days until 24 October 1762) 
    Military 23 May 1762 
    The expedition against Havana was reinforced off the northwest of Saint-Domingue by Sir James Douglas' 10 ship squadron from Port Royal (Jamaica) 
    Military 23 May 1762 
    The expedition now consisted of 21 ships of the line, 24 warships, 168 vessels carrying 14 000 seamen/marines and 12 826 regulars 
    Military 6 Jun 1762 
    The British invasion fleet arrived below Castillo de los Tres Reyes del Morro (Havana, Cuba) 
    Military 6 Jun 1762 
    The Spanish garrison amounted to 27 610 troops (of whom 14 000 were militia) and 9 000 sailors/marines 
    Military 9 Jun 1762 
    16 transports carrying 2 436 troops escorted by the 60-gun "Intrepid" and 44-gun "Chesterfield" set sail from New York for Havana 
    Military 30 Jun 1762 
    14 transports carrying 1 320 troops escorted by the 40-gun "Enterprise", 28-gun "lizard" and 16-gun "Porcupine" set sail from New York for Havana 
    Military 10 Jul 1762 
    Brigadier-General Ralph Burton was promoted to the rank of Major-General in the army 
    Military 21 Jul 1762 
    Second convoy transports Britannia, Pelling, Betsy & Sally, Nathaniel & John, and Hopewell carrying 488 soldiers seized by a French squadron at Caicos 
    Military 21 Jul 1762 
    The first convoy transports "Juno" and "Masquerade" ran aground north of Cuba (Masquerade was refloated and Juno's complement were later saved) 
    Military 24 Jul 1762 
    The first convoy escort warship "Chesterfield", transports "Industry", "Smiling Nancy", "Swallow" and "Masquerade" ran aground at Cayo Confites 
    Military 24 Jul 1762 
    The surviving troops and crews remained behind until Captain John Hale could send rescue crafts from Havana 
    Military 25 Jul 1762 
    The first convoy cleared Old Bahama Channel and met the 32-gun "Richmond" (Captain John Elphinson) 
    Military 25 Jul 1762 
    Three transports of the first convoy were then unloaded and sailed back with "Richmond" to rescue stranded soldiers and crews 
    Military 28 Jul 1762 
    7 transports (first convoy) carrying 1 700 reinforcements from New York under Brigadier-General Ralph Burton arrived at Havana (landed at Chorrera) 
    Military 30 Jul 1762 
    Castillo de los Tres Reyes del Morro in Havana was captured by the British 
    Military 2 Aug 1762 
    The British 24-gun frigate "Echo" (Capt. John Lendrick) arrived at Havana with 7 transports from the second New York convoy 
    Military 2 Aug 1762 
    Three transports escorted by "Enterprise" and "Lizard" arrived at Cayo Confites to pick-up stranded sailors and soldiers of the first convoy 
    Military 5 Aug 1762 
    Nine remaining transports of the second convoy from New York arrived in Cuba escorted by the frigate "Lizard" and sloop "Porcupine" 
    Military 8 Aug 1762 
    The first convoy sailors and soldiers stranded at the entrance of Old Bahama Channel and Cayo Confites reached Havana escorted by "Richmond" 
    Died 9 Aug 1762  Havana, Cuba Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Cause: Killed in action (wounds suffered at Havana) 
    Military 13 Aug 1762 
    Spanish colonial governor Juan de Prado surrendered Havana 
    Military 13 Aug 1762 
    The 48th Regiment took part in capturing Havana under Lieutenant-General George Keppel, Earl of Albemarle (and Lt.-Gen. George Elliot) 
    Military 14 Aug 1762 
    Of those 178 men from the 48th Regiment who managed to reach Havana from New York, 71 died, and only 36 would eventually return to Ireland in 1763 
    Military 14 Aug 1762 
    The British lost 1 790 killed, wounded and missing during the siege of Havana 
    Military 14 Aug 1762 
    The Spanish casualties: 3 800 killed/died of illness - 2 000 wounded and sick - 5 000 captured 
    Military 18 Oct 1762 
    By this date, 5 366 British soldiers had died of sickness and disease since 7 June 
    Military 18 Oct 1762 
    One of the most depleted British brigade was transferred to North America where it lost a further 360 men within a month of its arrival 
    Occupation British officer, Lieutenant with the 48th Regiment of Foot 
    Person ID I284  Godbout
    Last Modified 18 Apr 2017 

    Family Marie Madeleine Roy dite Châtellereau,   b. 8 Mar 1743, Batiscan, Mauricie-Bois-Francs, Qc. Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 6 Jun 1822, Batiscan, Mauricie-Bois-Francs, Qc. (Bas-Canada) Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 79 years) 
    Married
    Not married Partners 
    Children 
     1. Marie Rosalie Fraser,   b. 7 Dec 1761, Batiscan, Mauricie-Bois-Francs, Qc. Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 30 Jan 1829, Batiscan, Mauricie-Bois-Francs, Qc. (Bas-Canada) Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 67 years)
    Last Modified 18 Apr 2017 
    Family ID F133  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Sources 
    1. [S5] Programme de recherche en démographie historique (PRDH), Université de Montréal.
      Also The National Archives (TNA, Kew, Surrey, UK): Robert Fraser, Ensign, 48th Regiment of Foot, 2 July 1758, 'List of commissions granted by the Earl of Loudoun (John Campbell) during his command in North America.' (WO 25/25, microfilm image N° 112, p. 00115) - 20 February 1759, 'List of the commissions (Lieutenant) granted by Major General Jeffery Amherst.' (WO 25/25, image N° 248, p. 00251). *** Government of Canada, The National Battlefields Commission, Plains of Abraham, French and British army soldiers in Québec (1759-1760) database (ccbn-nbc.gc.ca). *** Maritime Museum of Canada, Occasional Papers, Number Six, Dispatches of Rear-Admiral, Lord Colville, 1761-1762, edited by C. H. Little, R.C.N. (Ret'd), Halifax, Nova Scotia, December 1959, pp, 4-15. *** Chronological History of the West Indies, Vol. II, Captain Thomas Southey, Commander, Royal Navy, Longman, Rees, Orme, Brown and Green, Paternoster-Row, London, 1827, pp. 346-365. Wars of the Americas: A Chronology of Armed Conflict in the Western Hemisphere, 1492 to the Present, Volume 2, Independence to the Modern Era, David F. Marley, ABC-CLIO, Inc., Santa Barbara (California), Denver (Colorado), Oxford (England), 2008, pp. 435-441. A Far-Flung Gamble - Havana 1762, David Greentree, Osprey Publishing, Midland House, West Way, Botley, Oxford, Great Britain, 2010: Captain George Darby aboard his 66-gun 'Devonshire' left Sandy Hook (N.J.) on 19 November 1761 with a 70-sail troop convoy escorted by the 64-gun 'Alcide' (Thomas Hankerson), 50-gun 'Norwich' (William McCleverty) and 44-gun frigate 'Penzance' (John Boyd). Major-General Robert Monckton arrived at Barbados on 24 December 1761 with 6 300 troops from New York. The expeditionary force (13 965 troops) set sail from Barbados on 5 January 1762 to attack Martinique. The citadel of Fort-Royal fell on 3 February and the island surrendered on 14 February. *** French Rear-Admiral Charles Courbon, comte de Blénac, had set sail from Brest on 23 December 1761 and arrived off the coast of southeastern Martinique on Sunday 7 March 1762 with his 80-gun, 1 800-ton flagship 'Duc de Bourgogne'; the 74-gun, 1 500-ton ships 'Hector' of Louis de Châtillon, comte de Sanzay, 'Diadème' of the chevalier Fouquet, and 'Défenseur' of Louis Armand Constantin, prince de Rohan Montbazon; the 64-gun, 1 100-ton 'Protée' of Pierre-Claude Hocdenau, comte de Breugnon, 'Dragon' of the chevalier des Roches, and the 'Brillant' of Étienne Pierre, vicomte de Rochechouart; the 32-gun, 550-ton frigate 'Opale' of the chevalier Doisy; the 22-gun, 425-ton frigates 'Diligente' of Bory, and 'Zéphyr' of the chevalier de Grasse de Barre; plus the 16-gun, 200-ton corvette 'Calypse' of Duchilleau. They also carried onboard 3 000 regulars from the Juercy, Foix and Boulognois regiments to bolster France's Caribbean garrisons. Learning that Martinique was in English hands, Blénac headed northwest toward Saint-Domingue (Haiti) on 10 March, standing in at Cap-François (modern-day Cap-Haïtien) one week later. *** The British fleet of 41 warships (seven divisions, 1 850 guns), led by Vice-Admiral Sir George Pocock to attack Cuba, was manned by more than 14 000 officers and men, plus another 3 000 sailors working the 160 transports, victuallers, ordinance and hospital ships accompanying them to convey the army of Lieutenant-General (commander-in-chief) George Keppel, Earl of Albemarle (12 000 troops, 380 artillery gunners and 600 black slave laborers). Regiments included the 1st (1st Brigade, 314 men), 4th (4th Brigade, 229), 9th (2nd Brigade, 952), 15th (416), 17th (4th Brigade, 519), 22nd (5th Brigade, 579), 27th (2nd Brigade, 522), 28th (2nd Brigade, 464), 32nd (957), 35th (3rd Brigade, 454), 40th (5th Brigade, 362), 42nd (4th Brigade, 558), 43rd (3rd Brigade, 357), 48th (2nd Brigade, 518), 56th (1st Brigade, 960), 60th 3rd battalion (1st Brigade, 591), 65th (4th Brigade, 101), 72nd (5th Brigade, 959), 77th (4th Brigade, 587), 90th (5th Brigade, 422), 95th (618) and Major Ferrone's Independent Corps (218). The invasion force arrived below Castillo de los Tres Reyes del Morro in Havana on 6 June 1762. *** On 9 June 1762, 16 British transports had set sail from New York for Havana, escorted by the 60-gun 'Intrepid' of Captain John Hale along with Captain John Scaife's 44-gun 'Chesterfield', carrying 668 men of the 46th Regiment of Foot, 335 of the New York City Independent Companies, plus 222 New Jersey, 217 Rhode Island, 90 New York and 904 Connecticut provincials. Another 14 transports departed New York on 30 June for Havana, escorted by the 40-gun frigate 'Enterprise' of Captain John Houlton, 28-gun frigate 'Lizard' of Francis Banks and 16-gun sloop 'Porcupine' of Harry Harmood, conveying 590 soldiers of the 58th Regiment of Foot, 253 of Gorham's Rangers and 477 New York provincials. *** Transports 'Juno' and 'Masquerade' of the first convoy ran aground on 21 July north of Cuba at the entrance of Old Bahama Channel (the latter was refloated while Juno's complement would later be saved). That same afternoon, the second convoy was intercepted by the French 74-gun 'Diadème' (Fouquet), 64-gun 'Brillant' (Rochechouart) and 32-gun frigate 'Opale' (Doisy) near Caicos (off the island of Mariguana), having its transports 'Britannia', 'Pelling', 'Betsy & Sally', 'Nathaniel & John', and 'Hopewell' seized with 488 soldiers aboard. Hale's first convoy again came to grief when 'Chesterfield' and transports 'Industry', 'Smiling Nancy', 'Swallow' and 'Masquerade' ran aground on Cayo Confites near Cayo Romano. The surviving soldiers and crews remained behind until Hale could send rescue crafts from Havana. The first convoy cleared Old Bahama Channel on 25 July and met the 32-gun "Richmond" (Captain John Elphinson). Three transports were then unloaded and sailed back with 'Richmond' to rescue stranded soldiers and crews. *** On 28 July 1762, 7 transports (first convoy) carrying 1 700 reinforcements from New York under Brigadier-General Ralph Burton arrived at Havana (troops disembarked at Chorrera). The British 24-gun frigate 'Echo' (Capt. John Lendrick) arrived at Havana on 2 August with 7 transports from the second New York convoy. That same day (2 August), three transports escorted by 'Enterprise' and 'Lizard' arrived at Cayo Confites to pick-up stranded sailors and soldiers of the first convoy. Nine remaining transports of the second convoy from New York arrived in Cuba on 5 August escorted by 'Lizard' and 'Porcupine'. The first convoy sailors and soldiers stranded at the entrance of Old Bahama Channel and Cayo Confites reached Havana on 8 August escorted by 'Richmond'. *** Spanish colonial governor Juan de Prado surrendered Havana on 13 August 1762. *** On 7 September 1762, French admiral de Blénac sailed from Cap- François with 5 ships of the line and 2 frigates, bearing 600 Spanish regulars of the Murcia and Granada Infantry regiments who had marched across Hispaniola from Santo Domingo as belated reinforcements for Cuba. Two days later, he deposited them at Santiago de Cuba and learnt that Havana had surrendered. He backtracked to Léogâne (Haiti), then escorted a homeward-bound merchant convoy with his squadron, safely clearing Caribbean waters and arriving at Brest on 8 November (losing one merchantman in the Windward Passage to the British frigate 'Echo' of Capt. John Lendrick, and another pair to privateers operating out of New Providence, modern-day Nassau, Bahamas).

    2. [S196] NEHGR: New England Historical and Genealogical Register, (New England Historical and Genealogical Society, Boston, Massachusetts), Volume 48 (1894), pp. 39, 304 & Vol. 49 (1895), p. 293.
      British officers serving in America, 1754-1774. Contributed by Worthington Chauncey Ford, Esq., Metropolitan Club, Washington, D.C.: Robert Fraser is listed on p. 304 - Ensign with the 48th Regiment of Foot on 17 May 1757 and Lieut. with the 48th on 21 February 1759.

    3. [S3] Dictionnaire généalogique des familles canadiennes, Cyprien Tanguay, (Éditions Eusèbe Sénécal, Montréal, 1871-1890), none., Volume 4, p. 103.

    4. [S70] Les Européens au Canada des origines à 1765, Marcel Fournier, (Éditions du Fleuve de Montréal, 1989), 143.
      Les parents ne se sont pas épousés par la suite puisque Robert Fraser épousera à l'église protestante une certaine Mary en 1770.

    5. [S71] Mélanges Historiques, Benjamin Sulte, (Études compilées et publiées par Gérard Malchelosse, G. Ducharme, libraire-éditeur, Montréal, 1919 & 1934), Quatrième Série, Volume 21, p. 33: Trois-Rivières d'autrefois.
      Robert Fraser et sa femme du nom de Mary..., lesquels, le 26 avril 1771 (à Trois-Rivières), y font inhumer leur fils John. Le lieutenant highlander Robert Fraser a dû flâner un peu trop à Batiscan, en mars 1761, puisque par sa faute, Madeleine Roy donne naissance à une fille baptisée le 9 déc. 1761 sous le nom de Marie-Rosalie Fraser.

    6. [S571] Registres d'État Civil, Église protestante anglicane St. James de Trois-Rivières (1768-1809), Protonotaire de Trois-Rivières, (26 avril 1771), 14.
      Sépulture: John Frazer. Le vingt sixième d'avril a été enterré John Frazer fils de Robert et de Marie Frazer ses père et mère.

    7. [S685] Institut Généalogique Drouin (Collection Drouin) 1621-1967, Trois-Rivières (Protestant), (26 avril 1771), Image N° 1205 (1768-1792), p. 8.
      Sépulture: John Frazer. Le vingt sixième d'avril a été enterré John Frazer fils de Robert et de Marie Frazer ses père et mère.

    8. [S644] Dictionnaire général du Canada, Louis Le Jeune, (Université d'Ottawa, Canada; Imprimé en France, Firmin-Didot et Cie., Mesnil, Eure, 1931), Tome 1, p. 679 & Tome 2, pp. 288-289, 292-296, 819-821.
      Dictionnaire général de biographie, histoire, littérature, agriculture, commerce, industrie et des arts, sciences, moeurs, coutumes, institutions politiques et religieuses du Canada.

    9. [S643] Dictionary of Canadian Biography (DCB/DBC), (University of Toronto Press & Les Presses de l'université Laval, 1966, 1969, 1974, 1979 & 1982), Volume III, pp. 88-90.
      Également: Journal du Siège de Québec du 10 mai au 18 septembre 1759, auteur inconnu qui était employé du magasin du roi, annoté par Aegidius Fauteux, Bibliothèque de Saint-Sulpice, Rapport de l'archiviste de la Province de Québec pour 1920-1921, Pierre-Georges Roy, Ls-A. Proux Imprimeur de Sa Majesté le Roi, 28 décembre 1921, Québec, pp. 137-201 (notes, pp. 202-241).

    10. [S655] A Canadian Manor and its Seigneurs. The story of a hundred years 1761-1861, George M. Wrong, M.A., (The Bryant Press Limited, Toronto, 1908), 28-37 & Appendix A (The journal of Malcolm Fraser), pp. 249-271.
      Also: Chronological Annals of the War; from its beginning to the present time, John Dobson, Clarendon Press, Oxford, 1763, Part I, pp. 1-3, 24-25, 57-58, 92-94 (Montmorency losses of 182 killed, 650 wounded, and 17 missing; in all, 849; some reports list 210 killed with only 230 wounded), 96-97, 100, 103, 106, 125-128 (Lloyd's lists) & 137.

    11. [S760] The history of Canada under French régime, 1535-1763, Henry Hopper Miles, LL.D., D.C.L., (Dawson Brothers, Montréal, 1872), 355-477, 491-494, 498 & 502-508.
      13 September 1759: As the French deployed outside the city gates, they occupied at first a rising ground in three divisions, having an irregular surface towards the river bank on their left, and extending across the St Louis and St Foy roads towards the precipitous declivities in the direction of the St Charles on their right. Beyond the right of the main body, Indians and Canadian marksmen were posted amongst the trees and bushes, plentiful in that quarter. Montcalm himself commanded in the centre, at the head of the regiment of Languedoc. General Wolfe also stationed himself towards the right of the centre of his host, having opposed to him in front the regiments Guienne and Bearn, commanded by Montcalm's second in command, M. Senezergues (Brigadier Étienne-Guillaume de Sénezergues de La Rodde who was mortally wounded on the field and died the next day on board a British warship). On the right of the British, General Monckton's brigade was posted, General Murray's in the center, and General Townshend's, supported by light infantry and a battalion of the 60th or Royal Americans, on the left. As the English forces were advancing towards the town, and taking up their positions in the order which has been described, skirmishing occurred in the front and on the left towards St Foy road, the light troops and field pieces on both sides covering the movements of the main bodies. The Indians and Canadian marksmen fired from among the bushes. The effects of these desultory operations were decidedly in favour of the French. It soon became evident that some new dispositions were necessary on the British left, in order to prevent an attack on the flank and rear in that quarter, which, from the nature of the ground, and the greater extension of Montcalm's line, might have occasioned serious consequences. To counteract this, General Townshend disposed his divisions in an oblique direction, wheeling back three battalions so as to confront the danger. In the meantime, The French skirmishers in front being greatly reinforced, the English light troops were easily driven back upon their supports, while Montcalm, under cover of the desultory fire going on everywhere across the plains, withdrew portions of his battalions from the right and centre towards his left, in order to favour his intended grand assault upon the British right. Some confusion and temporary disorder in the front line of the English were occasioned by the sudden falling back of the light infantry. General Wolfe passed along the line, exhorting his men to stand firm, and forbidding them to fire a shot until their adversaries came within forty paces' distance. They were all told to load with an extra ball. The presence and exhortations of their young general produced a great effect upon the soldiers, who cheered him and stood to their ground 'with muskets shouldered as if on parade; unmindful of the galling discharges of fire-arms to which they were exposed, and by which many were killed or disabled.' Presently the French columns were seen pressing onwards, their main body, both regulars and Canadians, advancing with great spirit, firing and reloading rapidly, until they came within the prescribed distance. The English regiments, on receiving the word of command, then poured in a discharge so effective that the progress of their adversaries was instantly arrested. Great numbers of the French were shot down, and Montcalm's whole left wing, recoiling from the deadly torrent, broke and fled towards the city and behind the centre. The latter also fell back, but more leisurely, as if to cover a general retreat of the troops on either hand. The French right was, at the same time, driven in disorder towards the St Charles and the St John's Gate, where the confusion was further increased by the arrival of many fugitives from the left. Montcalm, wounded yet regardless of pain (died the following morning), exerted himself in endeavoring to rally his soldiers. But the whole English line was moving forward. Redoubling their fire, and quickening their approach to a charge with bayonet and broadsword, their continued advance could not now be checked. No second formation was effected by the French, and after a brief stand made by a portion of the centre and a body of Canadians near St John's Gate, their whole army made precipitately for the St Charles River or fled into the city. His (General Wolfe's) last effort in the service of his country (before he expired being mortally wounded) was to direct an order to Colonel Burton to march a regiment quickly down to the River St Charles, so as to cut off the retreat of the fugitives by the bridge of boats; and his last words were, 'Now God be praised, I will die in peace.' Brigadier-General Monckton was also disabled by a wound received early in the action, so that the chief command devolved upon General Townshend.

    12. [S606] Histoire du Canada, huitième édition, revue et augmentée par Hector Garneau, François-Xavier Garneau, (Éditions de l'Arbre, Montréal, 1944), Tome V, Livre 8, pp. 72-80; Livre 9, pp. 89, 103-109, 180-188.
      Également Tome V, Livre 10, pp. 236-253, 254: 'Il est vrai qu'ensuite, il (Wolfe) alla lui-même reconnaître les lieux et déterminer le point de débarquement à savoir l'Anse-au-Foulon (10 septembre 1759); et qu'il ne révéla ce dessein à ses lieutenants que la veille au soir de la bataille d'Abraham. (Wolfe à Monckton, 12 septembre 1759).' 255-286 & Tome VI, Livre 10 (suite), chap. 2, pp. 5-60. Archives nationales d'outre-mer (ANOM), COL C11A 104/fol.313-314 - Lettre de Vaudreuil de Cavagnial au ministre, 21 septembre 1759, lieu de rédaction: Saint-Augustin - dans la nuit du 12 au 13 septembre, Wolfe 'ayant fait le débarquement de son armée à l'anse des Mères s'empara des hauteurs derrière Québec'; Montcalm, sans attendre que Bougainville et lui-même le rejoignent avec leurs forces, décida d'attaquer sur-le-champ et subit la défaite 'dans le même moment': les soldats français prirent la fuite, les Anglais sur les talons (l'ennemi ne fut arrêté dans sa poursuite que par le tir meurtrier des miliciens canadiens). Also: Journals of Major Robert Rogers, Robert Rogers and Franklin Benjamin Hough, Joel Munsell's Sons, Albany, 1883, pp. 138-151 & 159-168 (St-François-du-Lac and Île-aux-Noix).

    13. [S755] Historical Record of the Forty-Fourth, or the East Essex Regiment, Thomas Carter, Adjutant-General's Office, (Gale & Polden, Brompton Works, Chatham, Second Edition, 1887), 2 & 8-13.
      Also: Journal of the Siege of Quebec, 18 September 1759, to 25th May, 1760, General Jas. Murray, Public Record Office, America and the West Indies, Vol. 99, Published under the Auspices of the Literary and Historical Society of Quebec, Printed by Middleton & Dawson, at the 'Gazette' General Printing Establishment, 1871, pp. 3-4, 6, 38, 43 & 45. Collection de manuscrits contenant lettres, mémoires, et autres documents historiques relatifs à la Nouvelle-France recueillis aux Archives de la province de Québec ou copiés à l'étranger ; mis en ordre et édités sous les auspices de la Législature de Québec, Faucher de Saint-Maurice, Imprimerie A. Côté et Cie., Québec, 1885, Vol. IV, pp. 245-307. The handbook of British regiments, Christopher Chant, Routledge, London and New York, 1988, pp. 128-130. Encyclopedia of the French & Indian War in North America, 1754-1763, Donald I. Stoetzel, Heritage Books, Westminster, MD, 2008, p. 148. Paths of Glory: The Life and Death of General James Wolfe, Stephen Brumwell, Continuum International Publishing Group, 2006, pp. 276-277, 286 & 288.

    14. [S660] Liste alphabétique résumant les états de services des officiers civils et militaires des colonies (1627-1780), Alphabet Lafillard, (Archives des colonies - Troupes des colonies), MG 1, Série D2C, Microfilm F-803, Volume 222.